What is civil forfeiture?

Forfeiture describes the process where a civil court, after the initial restraint, and after all the interested parties have had a chance to make their case, orders that ownership of the property changes. The new owner could be a victim, a group of victims, or the provincial government (who will pay the revenue to victims programs). This action is not part of the criminal process and is independent of that. It is not another form of criminal punishment.